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Vitamins And Minerals: The Fountain Of Youth

I think we are all aware of our need for both food and drink which gives us the energy that our bodies need to sustain our daily lives. Well, some health experts say that if we eat a good range of foods, we will get enough of our bodies’ essential vitamins and minerals. On the other hand, some say that we also need to top up our intake of these essential vitamins and minerals. Either way, vitamin and mineral supplements may well hold the key to the fountain of youth.

The Thymus Gland

Our Thymus gland, (middle of the chest) the engine that controls our immune system, is bigger than the heart at birth. After puberty, it starts to shrink so that by the time we reach our 40s it is highly doubtful that it would be visible on an X-ray. The shrinking of the Thymus is one of the most significant signs of aging. As it gets smaller we become more susceptible to disease. The thymus is the organ that produces T cells (T Lymphocytes), without them, our immune system would be non-existent.

During puberty, the Thymus is about the size of an apple. After puberty, the thymus gland starts to atrophy (waste away) and eventually reduces to about the size of a pea.

A Monash University researcher has found a way to return the body’s immune system to its highest level of functionality, by regrowing the Thymus. It would appear that researchers have had some success with testing on mice and now trials are underway for cancer patients.

If you are interested in the thymus there is an interesting piece of reading at the PMC National Library Of Medicine It was published in May 2016 it does show how far research had come for the 20th Century.


Selenium is a powerful trace mineral with many anti-aging properties. As we get older it is believed that the levels of our body’s store of selenium fall leaving us at risk of viruses, cancer, heart disease, and other signs of rapid aging. It is also thought that selenium can help with depression.

Brazil nuts an excellent source of selenium can be purchased at most health food shops, or your local supermarket food store. It is suggested that one Brazil nut contains 100mg of selenium and will provide our bodies with approximately the correct nutritional value of selenium. Like the trace element zinc, selenium can help turn the clock back to our youth, and as far as our immune systems are concerned it is also a key ingredient in keeping viruses under control.

However, although Brazil nuts are a rich source of selenium, the actual amount of selenium varies greatly from nut to nut, so that leaves me wondering if consuming a Brazil nut a day is enough? Although selenium is an essential trace element, you need to watch your intake it could prove to be toxic if taken in excess. The effects of taking too much selenium are called selenosis. This condition can lead to loss of hair, skin, and nails in its mildest form. Extreme cases of selenosis can result in cirrhosis of the liver.

Symptoms of selenosis include a garlic odor on the breath, gastrointestinal disorders, fatigue, irritability, and neurological damage.

Vitamin C (ascorbic acid)

Vitamin C is well known for its help in fighting colds and is also known for its benefits in reducing the risk of serious illness. Experts believe boosting your daily intake is even more effective than cutting down on fat and lowering cholesterol. Yet amazingly, it is a fact that not everyone gets enough vitamin C and it is believed a deficiency can rob you of youth, health, and longevity.

Whether vitamin C is of help to reduce the common cold symptoms or not is debatable. There is research that agrees and there is also research that disagrees. A review paper of 2007 at the Cochrane Library suggests that there are more therapeutic trials needed to settle this question one way or the other.

Vitamin C helps in the formation of collagen and is also important because it helps protect the fat-soluble vitamin A and vitamin E as well as fatty acids from oxidation.

Collagen has great tensile strength and is the main component of fascia, cartilage, ligaments, tendons, bone, and skin. It is responsible for skin strength and elasticity along with soft keratin, and its degradation leads to wrinkles that accompany aging.

If the making of collagen becomes a problem the body would be left open to a variety of other problems, and simply curl up and die so to speak. Research studies suggest that the amino acid lysine is essential for collagen production. Vitamin C the pros and cons.

Sources Of lysine

  • Good sources of lysine are foods rich in protein including meat (specifically red meat, pork, and poultry),
  • cheese (particularly parmesan)
  • certain fish such as cod and sardines
  • nuts
  • eggs
  • soybeans, tofu, isolated soy protein, and defatted soybean flour, spirulina, (available in tablet, flake, and powder form), and fenugreek seed. (used both as a herb (the leaves) and as a spice (the seed)).

Vitamin E

It has been suggested by top researchers around the world to be necessary when it comes to fighting off the diseases of aging. Vitamin E is a fat-soluble vitamin, it also helps to protect vitamin A and essential fatty acids from oxidation in the body cells and prevents the breakdown of body tissues. Research tells us it’s virtually impossible to get the recommended daily dosage. To do so would mean eating around 5,000 calories, mostly fat. E vitamin is covered in more depth in know your vitamins.


Bananas are a wholesome, nutritious food and a good source of important vitamins, minerals, and micronutrients including vitamin C, potassium, vitamin B6, and dietary fiber. Our heart and brain as we age can become an area of concern. Recent research into the three B vitamins – B6, folic acid, and B12 shows that these vitamins play an active role in keeping these organs healthy as well as helping to relieve, stress and anxiety.

It is also reported that bananas are high in fiber making them an excellent substitute for laxatives in restoring normal bowel action if you suffer from constipation.

I have compiled the below tables indicating the main source of foods for both vitamins and minerals. The links allow you to view each table. You can also print copies to your printer. To maybe stick to your fridge door for future use.



Header Image by Anthony Scanlon from Pixabay